It has a dense and usually rounded crown. Willow oak has no major problems and tolerates clay, salt, poor drainage, and compacted soil. Falls Lake, Granville Co., NC 4/27/08. Description of willow oak tree: Other than having narrow, pointed, shiny leaves, this is a typical deciduous oak, with as massive a trunk and branches as any and a similar round-headed form at maturity. Willow oaks are susceptible to oak wilt and chestnut blight, as well as cankers such as hypoxylon canker and blisters such as oak leaf blister. Willow oak (Quercus phellos) is a common oak, deciduous with simple leaves. Widely known for their acorn seeds or deeply lobed and toothed leaves, oaks may display evergreen or winter deciduous foliage. Foliage is light to bright green in summer and yellow, yellow-brown and russet in fall. It is a member of the red oak family and has distinctive longish, linear leaves to a 5" length maximum. The nuts of willow oak acorns are brown when mature, with dark stripes, and are rounded, about ½ inch long. The bark is smooth on young trees and smaller branches, becoming shallowly ridged on larger trees. Trees are woody plants over 13 feet tall with a single trunk. Willow oak's common name comes from the shape of the leaves and its specific epithet, phellos, is the ancient Greek name for the cork oak, Quercus suber. Willow oak is a medium to large tree with a dense, pyramidal crown (becoming more rounded with age) and straight, clear trunk. These leaves make this oak unique, and perhaps a better choice for those who refuse deciduous trees with large leaves. This species is uncommon in Missouri due to loss of habitat in the southeastern lowlands. This deciduous shade tree produces simple, rich-green foliage that turns to showy yellows in the fall. Willow oak is so named for its long, narrow, willow-like leaves. Sets: All Trees Leaves. Willow oak is a tough tree well adapted to urban conditions, but can develop chlorosis of high pH soils so be sure to plant on only acid or neutral soil. Vector pack include .svg and .ai versions of spring leaf, summer leaf, autumn leaf, and coloring page, This material is designed for Creazilla.com under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license. Its graceful, willowlike leaves are a far cry from the broad, deeply-lobed leaves usually associated with this genus. Oak wilt is known to have killed a large number of oaks in North America. The leaves are deeply lobed and generally narrower than most other oak tree leaves. Willow oak Quercus phellos in Mississippi, United States Conservation status Least Concern Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Fagales Family: Fagaceae Genus: Quercus Subgenus: Quercus subg. Twigs are slender, reddish-brown and hairy; gray and smooth with age. Like Nuttall, willow oak can tolerate a duration of flooding, but not quite as long as Nuttall. Leaves are 2 to 8 inches long, simple and entire. Quercus Section: Quercus sect. It is native to the ea According to Dr. Michael Dirr, “ Hightower® Willow Oak is the grower’s dream tree and the landscape architect’s easiest specification. Willow oaks are fast-growing trees that can grow 2 ft. (0.6 m) per year and have a dense oblong crown when mature. The leaves and bark of the willow tree have been mentioned in ancient texts from Assyria, Sumer and Egypt [citation needed] as a remedy for aches and fever, and in Ancient Greece the physician Hippocrates wrote about its medicinal properties in the fifth century BC. Leaves are alternate, simple, 2–5 inches long, to 1 inch wide, shaped like willow leaves, narrow, gradually tapering at both ends, thick; margin entire, bristle-tipped. Willow Oak, also called the handsome tree, is a unique oak with gorgeous willow-like leaves. This deadly disease first appears as wilting of the leaves in the late spring and early summer. Although the willow oak is drought-tolerant, it thrives in most soil conditions and prefers moist, well-drained soils. Leaves are alternate, simple, 2–5 inches long, to 1 inch wide, shaped like willow leaves, narrow, gradually tapering at both ends, thick; margin entire, bristle-tipped. Native Americans across the Americas relied on it as a staple of their medical treatments. Its name comes from its leaves, which are small, narrow, and very similar in appearance to those of a willow tree. Oak tree leaves: The willow oak has leaves that are smooth, narrow, lanceolate shaped, and pointed. Flower: Species is monoecious; males borne on slender yellow-green catkins; females borne on very short axilliary spikes, both appear very early with the leaves. … Oak wilt affects both red and white oaks but is more common in red oaks. Willow oak has no major problems and tolerates clay, salt, poor drainage, and compacted soil. The acorns aren’t as messy as those of most other oaks. Types of White Oak Trees (With Pictures) High-quality trees tend to be found on bottomland soils where they can grow from 80 to 100 feet tall. It has thick, smooth, light-reddish bark when young; which becomes roughened and divided into narrow ridges on older trees. Durham Co., NC 5/3/08. Missouri's southeastern lowland forests are a unique and interesting part of our state, and this species is a part of that habitat. The most significant particularity of the willow oak is the shape of its leaves, which are narrow and slender and very similar to that of the willow tree. Willow oak is a tough tree well adapted to urban conditions, but can develop chlorosis of high pH soils so be sure to plant on only acid or neutral soil. The willow oak is a strong and beautiful tree that shares similarities with other oaks but is unique in many other ways that make it such an attractive tree to behold. The first cultivar of Willow Oak available on its own root. Diseases caused by organisms are biotic, infectious, can spread, and some can cause epidemics. Water oak (Quercus nigra) has obovate leaves with more than one bristle-tip; laurel oak (Q. laurifolia) has wider, more variable leaf shapes; black willow (Salix nigra) has very narrow, serrated leaves. Male and female flowers appear on the same tree. Root rot can be a problem in confined urban areas. If the tree produces acorns, it's an oak. According to Dr. Michael Dirr, “ Hightower® Willow Oak is the grower’s dream tree and the landscape architect’s easiest specification. Willow oak belongs to the red oak/black oak section of oak trees; its membership in that group can be seen in the bristle-tipped leaves and bitter acorns that mature in their second (not first) autumn. We protect and manage the fish, forest, and wildlife of the state. Willow oak (Quercus phellos) The native willow oak is similar in size, shape and growth rate to the last two species. Salix spp. May do well when planted as ornamental throughout Missouri. in Trees, Plants, Leaf, Leaves. Disease occurs on all parts ofthe oak tree: wood, roots, stems, twigs, leaves, fruits and flowers. Vector pack include .svg and .ai versions of spring leaf, summer leaf, autumn leaf, and coloring page License: This material is designed for Creazilla.com under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license. In fall, the leaves take on beautiful shades of yellow-bronze, orange and russet red before dropping to … Willow Oaks (Quercus phellos) have narrow, pointy, willow-like leaves that grow in clusters.This ornamental deciduous tree has atypical soft wood for an oak and frequently grows near waterways and bottomlands. A handsome oak with willow-like leaves. Lobatae Species: Q. phellos Binomial name Quercus phellos L. Quercus phellos, the willow oak, is a North American species of a deciduous tree in the red oak group of oaks. Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and arson. Bark of a medium-sized tree in Chapel Hill, NC. However, they do exist: Acorns are the easiest way to spot an oak tree. Fall foliage tends to be yellow or gold. Find local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and regional offices. (about 12 species in Missouri), Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants. Willow Oak Tree (Quercus phellos) Willow oak tree bark and leaves. The 6-13 cm long leaves have sharp tips with bristles at its lobe. willow oak Fagaceae Quercus phellos L. symbol: QUPH Leaf: Alternate, simple, 2 to 5 inches long, linear or lanceolate in shape (willow-like) with an entire margin and a bristle tip. Leaves turn pale yellow in fall. There are no sharp dividing lines between trees, shrubs, and woody vines, or even between woody and nonwoody plants. The willow oak tree is a fast-growing tree that can reach mature heights up to 75 feet. The oak is also called diamond-leaf oak. The leaves are narrowly lanceolate like those of Black Willow, but are bristle-tipped and lack teeth. Ceratocystis fagacearum , commonly called oak wilt, is a fungus that affects oak trees, especially in the central and eastern United States. Free download Author: Creazilla. The leaves of the willow oak help distinguish it from other species of red oak trees. Willow oak is a medium to large-sized tree that grows up to over 100 feet tall, with a trunk 3 to 6 feet in diameter. exist, all native to various woodland or scrub habitats across the Northern Hemisphere. Co-national champion willow oaks are in Memphis, Tenn., (123 feet tall, 100-foot spread) and … Similar to Water Oak , which has clubbed leaves, and the semi-evergreen Laurel Oak (Q. laurifolia) and Sand Laurel Oak (Q. hemisphaerica) of the Coastal Plain. The acorn crop begins at … The acorns are not as messy as other oaks. The leaf petioles, the stalks that attach the leaves to their stems, are usually short, with small stipules at the base that resemble very small leaves. Willow Oak is one of the most familiar large trees in North Carolina. The willow oak tree is a medium-sized type of red oak tree that grows between 65 and 100 ft. (20 – 30 m) tall. You are free to share and adapt the material for any purpose, even commercially under the following terms: you must give appropriate credit placing a link to creazilla.com with attribution line “Designed by Creazilla”. The lumber has many uses, and like most oaks, the bark was used medicinally, as an astringent tea, by Native Americans. The acorns are an important source of food for mammals. We facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and learn about these resources. “Wood” is a type of tissue made of cellulose and lignin that many plants develop as they mature — whether they are “woody” or not. The tradeoff being willow oak has a very small acorn that ducks can easily gobble up. Environmental factors affect when oaks shed leaves, but leaf drop occurs primarily in autumn or spring, depending on species. Curled leaves are a sure sign of a deteriorated immune system. 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