even—"to whom (as his superior) Abraham even paid tithe (went so far as to pay tithe) of (consisting of, literally, 'from') the best of the spoils (literally, 'the top of the heap"; whether of corn, the first-fruits of which, taken from the top, used to be consecrated to God; or of spoils, from the top of which the general used to take some portion for consecration to God, or for his own use)." He paid "tithes of ALL," and those tithes were taken out of the topmost and best portion of the whole spoils. That proves that Melchizedek was superior to Abraham. Hal. (7-13) And of necessity of faith in Christ, and of stedfastly following him. Thank You that redemptive history is so carefully recorded for us to know – with all certainty – that we are following the proper path in Christ Jesus our Lord. We ARE another day closer to home….thinker we can reserve a table at the wedding feast for the Superior Word Family. The reason for this is because he will then show how the greatness of Melchizedek’s priesthood exceeded that of Aaron’s. The Greek word for “blessed” in Hebrews 7:6 is in the perfect tense, indicating the result of Melchizedek’s historical action has lasting significance. In like manner it was customary to place the harvest in a heap, and as the first thing to take off a portion from the top to consecrate as a thank-offering to God. Unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils: predicate: to whom Abraham gave even the tenth, the choicest, most valuable articles thereof, ἐκ τῶν λαφύρων τῶν κρειττόνων καὶ τιμιωτέρων, θίνες δὲ εἰσιν οἱ σωροὶ τῶν πυρῶν ἢ κριθῶν, Now consider how great this man was, unto whom Abraham, the patriarch, even gave a tenth of the spoils, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Hebrews 7:4, ESV: "See how great this man was to whom Abraham the patriarch gave a tenth of the spoils!" Matthew 23:23; Luke 11:42. In the Bible, this title is given to him, the 12 sons of Israel, and to David. “At the end of every third year you shall bring out the tithe of your produce of that year and store it up within your gates. “ιησους (Iesous),” or “Jesus,” is the Greek form of “Joshua.” Critics claim that the KJV, by merely transliterating the name, misleads readers into thinking that these verses about Joshua the son of Nun are about Jesus Christ. I. For the first two years, they were to enjoy that tenth themselves in the Lord’s presence – eating, drinking, and rejoicing in His provision. The author now begins to explain the level of greatness of Melchizedek, something he will do for the next seven verses. Commentary on Hebrews 7:4-10 (Read Hebrews 7:4-10) That High Priest who should afterward appear, of whom Melchizedec was a type, must be much superior to the Levitical priests. Only in Hebrews, as is the kindred verb δεκατοῦν to impose or take tithes. Be sure not to run ahead of sound doctrine, but keep things in their intended context! unto whom the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils; of Abraham's giving tithes to him; see Gill on Hebrews 7:2 and Melchizedek's greatness is aggravated, not only from this act of Abraham's, but from Abraham's being a "patriarch", who did it; he was the patriarch of patriarchs, as the sons of Jacob are called, Acts 7:8 he is the patriarch of the whole Jewish nation, and of many nations, and of all believers, the friend of God, and heir of the world; how great then must Melchizedek be, to whom he paid tithes? 7, 5, 35; Herod. and Jesus, Jesus should be the only “Is” in the sentence, who always Is! 29 And the Levite, because he has no portion nor inheritance with you, and the stranger and the fatherless and the widow who are within your gates, may come and eat and be satisfied, that the Lord your God may bless you in all the work of your hand which you do.” Deuteronomy 14:28, 29. Hebrews 7:4-10 Delivered 03/25/2001. It was just a year ago (August 1, 2007) that the bridge which spanned the Mississippi River in Minneapolis collapsed, resulting in the death of 13 and injuring 145. Such a one indeed is Christ, on whom depends even Abraham's sanctification and all the believers, and whom all men should worship and reverence as the author of all. Hebrews 3:7-4:11. The specific guidelines, as were practiced by the people, are explained fully in Deuteronomy 14:22-29, with many other references scattered throughout the Books of Moses and elsewhere. Read Hebrews 7:4 Using Other Translations. Hebrews 4:8 For if Joshua had given them rest, He would not have spoken of another day after that. (1-6) The Hebrews are warned of the sin and danger of unbelief. Cyro. unto whom Abraham gave a tenth out of the chief spoils, The sons of Levi take tithes of their brethren, But he whose descent is not counted from them, To Abraham and his seed were the promises made. ]For if Joshua had given them rest, He [God] would not speak afterward about another day. Outline: Hebrews 7:1-10. Gave the tenth of the spoils - see the notes, Hebrews 7:2. b. What ever pace the lord sets for us is the right pace Amen, We ARE another day closer to home AMEN Comp. It is for this reason that the author now brings in tithing. Having studied this with the Superior Word I feel like a heavy millstone has been removed from my neck and I am now free to give as the under the New Covenant. The people were to set aside one-tenth of everything they accumulated each year. The author stated that case in Hebrews 3:1-6, specifically in verse 3. For Hebrews 6:4-8 repeats and follows up Hebrews 2:1-4 and Hebrews 3:7 - 4:13. Now consider how great this man was Melchizedek, of whom so many great and wonderful things are said in the preceding verses: and as follows, unto whom the … Without can not be used by it self, meaning that it has to be minimum one more condition included (all/at least one,etc) all: "fish", without: "bread", will search for verses that contains "fish" but NOT "bread" start: It was a concept understood by every person in Israel. From there, and because of the parallel between Melchizedek and Jesus, he will make the obvious conclusion that the priesthood of Jesus exceeds that of Aaron. Too often, people hear about a concept, such as tithing, and they run with it as a precept for the church. If that can be established, then Jesus – who is the One being set in comparison to Melchizedek – will then be shown to also be in surpassing greatness to the patriarch Abraham – even though He descends from him in His humanity. God bless my friends. Observe Abraham's great dignity and happiness; that he had the promises. a. Now consider how great this man was, — How great he,—this person, was. Hebrews 7:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 7:4, NIV: "Just think how great he was: Even the patriarch Abraham gave him a tenth of the plunder!" Wherefore, even as the Holy Spirit saith, Today, if ye shall hear his voice, Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, Like as in the day of the trial in the wilderness, Where your fathers tried me by proving me, And saw my works forty years. The author urges his readers to ″just think how great [Melchizedek] was″ (Hebrews 7:4). What a fun thing to look into the words of the Old Testament and then see how they point to the Person and work of Jesus. He notes the amazing picture, recorded in Genesis, of patriarch Abraham tithing to this mysterious priest-king. The Danger of apostasy and the rest of GOD. It has that sense here, and denotes the spoils or plunder which Abraham had taken of the discomfited kings. The Greeks were accustomed, after a battle, to collect the spoils together, and throw them into a pile, and then, before they were distributed, to take off a portion from the top, and devote it to the gods; Xen. Hebrews 7:4 Now consider how great this man was, unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils. Ἀποδεκατοῖν to exact tithes, Hebrews 7:5. Hebrews Chapter 7: After the order of Melchizedek The writer of Hebrews continues his discussion of Melchizedek started in chapter 5 (Hebrews 5:1-10). The "if" is a second class condition meaning: "If and it's not." It is like a yoke over them. Give as you are blessed, and that can be with a simple smile to the frustrated checkout clerk at the store. The argument here is, that Abraham acknowledged the superiority of Melchizedek by thus devoting the usual part of the spoils of war, or of what was possessed, to God by his hands, as the priest of the Most High. The writer to the Hebrews wanted to remove these intellectual problems the Jewish Christians had with the gospel. the patriarch—in the Greek emphatically standing at the end of the whole sentence: And this payer of tithe being no less a personage than "the patriarch," the first forefather and head of our Jewish race and nation See on Heb 7:3, on Melchisedec's superiority as specially consecrated king-priest, above the other patriarch-priests. From there, he now returns to the thought of verse 7:2 for explanation by saying, “to whom even the patriarch Abraham gave a tenth of the spoils.” In 7:2, he repeated the information given in Genesis 14 which stated this fact. 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