[53], After the battle, the Germans established the St Symphorien military cemetery as a memorial to the German, British, and Irish dead. [55], • French Empire  • Third Transjordan attack [40], On the extreme left of the British line, the 14th and 15th Brigades of the 5th Division were particularly hard-pressed by the Germans, who were attempting to outflank them, and were forced to call for help from the cavalry.  • Trench warfare Mons was a battle of movement unlike the battles that followed which involved trench warfare. The intended slur was embraced by the members of the BEF who began to refer themselves as the "Old Contemptibles".  • Second Battle of Champagne Britain declared war on Germany on 4 August 1914, and on 9 August the BEF began embarking for France. Agreeing, French instructed his two corps commanders, General Douglas Haig and General Horace Smith-Dorrien to prepare for the German onslaught. Armed with his Lee-Enfield rifle, a British soldier could hit a man-sized target 15 times per minute, at a range of 300 yards. Smith, Robert.  • Battle of Jutland The last time the British had fought in western Europe was at the famous Battle of Waterloo on 18 June 1815. Operating at the extreme left of the Allied line, the British assumed a position near Mons, Belgium in an attempt to stop the German advance in that area.  • Technology The Mons battle signified the first engagement between British and German forces on the Western Front, and began on 23 August 1914.  • Polish–Lithuanian War (1920) This retirement necessitated a similar retreat towards evening by the 5th Division, and by nightfall II Corps had established a new defensive line running through the villages of Montrœul, Boussu, Wasmes, Paturages, and Frameries. Though a defeat, the stand of the BEF bought valuable time for Belgian and French forces to fall back in an attempt to form a new defensive line. The retreating Germans led the British to a larger force of lancers, who they promptly charged, and Captain Hornby became the first British soldier to kill an enemy in the Great War, fighting on horseback with sword against lance. Rumours even circulated that German corpses had been found with arrow wounds. Throughout the retreat, the British were closely pursued by the Germans, and were forced to fight a number of rearguard actions, including the Battle of Le Cateau on 26 August,[45] the Étreux rearguard action on 27 August, and the Action at Néry on 1 September.  • Vardar Offensive An investigation conducted by General Frederick Maurice traced the origins of the Order to the British GHQ, where it apparently had been concocted for propaganda purposes. During this important battle the first Victoria Cross and the first Iron Cross of World War One were awarded. It was fought along the eastern borders of France and in Belgium. [9] The British army's position on the French flank meant that it stood directly in the path of the German First Army, the outermost wing of the massive "right hook" intended by the Schlieffen Plan to encircle and destroy the Allies. [51], Over time, the Battle of Mons has attained an almost mythic status. (2005). Although the British fought well and inflicted disproportionate casualties on the numerically superior Germans, they were eventually forced to retreat due both to the greater strength of the Germans and the sudden retreat of the French Fifth Army, which exposed the British right flank.  • Paris Peace Conference Quickly realising the folly of attacking in close order, however, the Germans switched to an open formation and attacked again. How the Roman Republic Committed Suicide at Philippi, Founding Fathers: The First 15 US Presidents in Order. Dismounting to fight, the cavalry, protected by the two artillery batteries, successfully screened the withdrawal of the 14th and 15th Brigades during four hours of intense fighting. The Germans, likewise, seem to have understood that they had been dealt a sharp blow by an army they had previously considered inconsequential.  • Race to the Sea, • Second Battle of Ypres Of these, over 60 are unidentified, and special memorials have been erected to five soldiers of the Royal Irish Regiment believed to be buried in unnamed graves.

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